The EU Is Changing Its Policy From Black To Green. The Future For Green Projects In Poland
Over the past few years, the eco-industry sector has become more and more popular. At the same time, the awareness of the population also grew. During this time, some countries have managed to achieve incredible success. Take, for example, the EU leader in this segment, Germany, where huge areas of hectares have been allocated for the construction of farms to obtain renewable energy (solar energy, energy from wind, biogas, hydropower). At the same time, other countries in the European Union continue to receive their electricity mainly from coal. However, new laws and EU requirements from member states leave no chance for future growth in fossil energy production.
Renewable energy has become the main source of electricity in the EU in 2020
Despite the crisis and a decrease in electricity demand in 2020, associated primarily with the coronavirus pandemic, the 27 EU countries for the first time received more electricity from renewable sources (38%) than from fossil resources (37%). This has been achieved thanks to the rapid growth of wind and solar energy. In 2020, they accounted for almost a fifth of all electricity in the EU. The hydropower industry has remained at the same level. Bioenergy has stalled in the face of the pandemic, but an impressive leap forward is also planned from 2021.
Renewable Energy Germany vs Poland 2020
The example of Germany clearly shows how successfully it is possible to replace black energy with green energy. By the way, Germany plans to completely switch to the production of electricity exclusively from renewable sources by 2040. Poland still has a long way to go. At the same time, this speaks of the enormous potential of the country. And it makes it attractive for local and foreign investors. Here, as they say, the field is not mown for the development of renewable energy sources.
The figures in the table show the picture more vividly:
As you can see from the table in Germany, renewable energy accounts for almost half of all electricity received. While in Poland the coal industry is still the main one.
Poland is the country with the most polluted air in the entire EU
It is because of such a huge number of operating coal factories that the air in Poland is the most polluted in comparison with other EU countries. This leads to illness of citizens. It was in Poland that there were so many cases of infection during the coronavirus pandemic. Pneumonia against the background of illness and poor air quality created a double test for the human body.
In recent years, the situation has changed for the better, due to the new EU policy. However, the situation is poor.
New EU policy towards green energy.
Despite Poland’s huge lag in the field of renewable energy, EU rules are directed to all member states. So, what are the important changes for renewable energy sources?
- Rising prices for CO 2 emissions . This, in turn, leads to a cosmic increase in prices for electricity and heating in Poland. After all, the coal industry takes ¾ of all energy sources. This pushes coal factories to reconstruct production using renewable energy technologies. In many cases, such an investment will be financially ineffective. Therefore, Polish factories prefer to pay crazy fines, but continue to produce. Ultimately, there is no prospect for black energy. And in the next few years, coal factories polls will begin to close. So, as it is now observed in Germany, Great Britain, Scandinavian countries.
- Huge EU subsidies for the development of renewable energy and the environment. The budget for these purposes is more than enough. Over the past year, less than 10 percent of the planned budget has gone towards financing for green projects. This was due not only to the coronavirus pandemic, but also to the complexity and confusion of laws. But starting from 2021, the procedure for obtaining funding is being simplified.
- Ban on financing other energy sources in favor of renewable energy sources. This is not fair enough, as the level of progress in restructuring the economy in the EU countries is very different, and some of its sectors, which are not 100% green, but as the lesser of evils, need funding. However, this policy leaves even more subsidies for green projects.
Every year the situation of the requirements will become more and more stringent, as the EU plans to switch completely to renewable energy sources in the next 20 years.
Who can count on EU funding in 202 1-2040?
- Farms with solar panels
- Wind energy
- Biogas plants
- Farms engaged in forest planting
- Farms engaged in the installation of greenhouses and their further cultivation
- Recycling waste into secondary raw materials (e.g. food waste into compost)
- Production of fuel pellets (pellets)
- Greening cities
- Converting home ovens to a sustainable alternative
Entrepreneurs can count on subsidies from the EU up to 90 percent!
The new EU policy is tough and abhors controversy. All we can do is submit to its terms. Investing in green projects today is like making a choice in the early 20th century, whether to buy a herd of horses or a parking lot. These are tremendous opportunities for entrepreneurs, investors, and the prospect of a better future for our air quality, our health, longevity, and preserving the planet for future generations.